Did you know that you lose hair every day?
According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, we lose around 50-100 strands every day.
Whilst this is not a big deal but if you begin to shed significantly more than 80 strands a day, or you notice they aren't growing back, well, that's when things start to get a bit hairy (had to say it 😊)
The most common cause of hair loss is a medical condition called hereditary hair loss, and it is estimated that about 80 million men and women in the United States have this type of hair loss (American Academy of Dermatology Association).
Other names for this type of hair loss are male-pattern baldness, female-pattern baldness and Androgenetic alopecia.
In this article, we will address some key subjects and questions on hair loss. These are:
- What is hair loss?
- What are the causes of hair loss?
- What is the impact of hair loss?
- Illnesses that cause hair loss
- The psychological impact of hair loss on men and women
- What is the remedy for hair loss?
Hair is associated with power, communication, looking good and more
The function of hair in humans has long been a subject of interest and continues to be an important topic in society, developmental biology and medicine.
Even in the biblical time thousands of years ago, the Bible talks about Samson who was given immense strength to help him against his enemies and allow him to perform superhuman feats because of his hair.
Also in Sikhism, Kesh is the practice of allowing one's hair to grow naturally out of respect for the perfection of God's creation.
In kids storybook, Rapunzel’s long hair enabled the prince to climb the tower. Then there are also religions that oblige women to cover their heads.
For centuries, humans have ascribed aesthetics to scalp hair styling and dressing and it is often used to communicate social or cultural norms in societies.
In addition to its role in defining human appearance, scalp hair also provides protection from UV sun rays and is an insulator against extremes of hot and cold temperatures. Differences in the shape of the scalp hair follicle determine the observed ethnic differences in scalp hair appearance, length and texture.
Did you know that of all mammals, humans have the longest growth phase of scalp hair compared to hair growth on other parts of the body.
Psychological Impact of Alopecia (Hair Loss)
With so much interest placed on hair for beauty, power and more, whether we like it or not, this could have a very negative impact on some people who are losing hair in the 20s, 30s and 40s, or women who are facing thinning of hair (hair loss).
You may come across various blogs and websites about the psychosocial impact of hair loss and they may hold various positions.
When doing research on the psychological impact of hair loss, we wanted to source the information from a reliable source, and you can’t getter better source than The British Psychological Society.
According to The British Psychological Society, “Alopecia can have serious psychosocial consequences, causing intense emotional suffering, and personal, social and work-related problems.”
Surveys have shown that around 40 per cent of women with alopecia have had marital problems, and around 63 per cent claimed to have career-related problems (Hunt & McHale, 2004).
It is stated that Alopecia also leads to depression, anxiety and social phobia in several sufferers. This relationship between alopecia and psychosocial consequences can be complicated, in that alopecia can result from a stressful experience, and then itself lead to further distress. Limited research has been carried out in the area.
Studies have shown that stressful life events have an important role in triggering some episodes of alopecia (Garcia-Hernandez et al., 1999).
Another study showed that women who experience high stress are 11 times more likely to experience hair loss than those who do not report high stress (York et al., 1998).
“Compared with the general population, increased prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders are associated with alopecia (Koo et al., 1994) suggesting that people with alopecia may be at higher risk for development of a major depressive episode, anxiety disorder, social phobia or paranoid disorder.” The British Psychological Society
A study by Egele and Tauschke (1987) identified a group of alopecia patients with an ongoing feeling of loss, suggesting that for some individuals the process of coping with alopecia may be equated with the grieving process following bereavement.
Alopecia is a disfiguring disorder and therefore there are also issues relating to self and identity. The loss of hair, particularly the eyelashes and brows which help to define a person’s face, means that a person looks very different.
Hair loss may be seen as a failure to conform to the norms of physical appearance within society, a situation which has the potential to set people apart in their own estimation and in the estimation of others.
Dr Nigel Hunt and Sue McHale (2005) made the following comments in their paper The Psychological Impact of Alopecia:
As is often the case, those with no problems and those with the most extreme problems are probably less likely to volunteer to take part in their study. In fact, most of their study sample were women. While Hunt and McHale suspect that alopecia is not more common in women, there are several reasons why women may be more likely to volunteer.
Women are more likely to want to talk about their alopecia because the disorder can be more difficult for them. “Put simply, in our culture, a bald man is socially acceptable, a bald woman is not”.
Therefore, care is needed when interpreting the results of studies relating to the psychological impact of hair loss. None the less, the negative impact cannot be ignored.
According to an article in US News,
"Nearly two of three men will begin balding by the time they are 60. Most of them don’t part with their hair willingly; American males collectively spend $1 billion a year trying to hang onto those locks."
With so much importance is put on our “crowning glory” (hair), so, it is important to address the causes of hair loss before we start talking about remedies for hair loss.
What causes hair loss?
The most common type of hair loss is a condition called androgenetic alopeciaga (AGA).
This type of hair loss can affect both men and women. Other terms for androgenetic alopecia include "male pattern balding" and "female pattern hair loss." Androgenetic alopecia is most common in men.
Male androgenetic alopecia
Research suggests that the most common type of hair loss, male pattern baldness, can be triggered by faulty hair-making progenitor cells in the scalp.
It was believed that hair follicle stem cells were the prime suspects for causing androgenetic alopecia. However, a study by George Cotsarelis at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and colleagues published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation (Garza et al., 2011) revealed that patients with androgenetic alopecia actually had a normal amount of follicle stem cells in their scalps.
Interestingly, they discovered that different progenitor cell populations, suspected to be derived from the hair follicle stem cells, were, in fact, the ones playing the key roles in causing androgenetic alopecia.
Female androgenetic alopecia
Other reasons for hair loss
Other potential contributors to hair loss include illness, stress, age, genetics, and even primping habits.
Whilst we have mentioned above the key reasons for hair loss, there are many myths that surfaced that are worth mentioning.
HAIR LOSS MYTHS
Some of the common myths to help you gain some insight into what’s causing hair loss:
Myth: You're balding because you're old.
Have you seen baldness among 20 to 30-year-olds? It is quite common. Hair loss can also strike in the teens if they are genetically predisposed.
Myth: bald guys have more testosterone
In fact, studies have shown that men who go bald and those who don’t have the same levels of testosterone.
It’s more about how sensitive your hair follicles are to the influence of hormones in your body. Do you know what determines that sensitivity? Your genetics may be the most likely cause.
Myth: Only men are affected by balding
This claim is untrue!
In fact, 40% of women are affected by hair loss at some point in their lives. Can you imagine the impact on them psychologically?
Myth: wearing a hat too often causes your hair to fall out
There is no scientific basis for this claim. Joshua Zeichner, Director of Cosmetic and Clinical Research in Dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in NYC, says: "If you're wearing a really tight hat, maybe that can put pressure on areas where it contacts your head, which could potentially lead to traction alopecia." It means hair loss triggered by pulling hair too tight.
Also, dirty hats can cause hair loss because dirty hats could lead to a scalp infection, which in turn accelerates hair loss, so either make sure yours is clean or rotate frequently.
Myth: Washing your hair too often causes hair loss
Ignore this unwanted advice. Okay, washing your hair more than three times a week is a bit excessive, but it does not cause hair loss. This may be great news to you.
Myth: Hair treatment will lead to hair loss
The advice is that if you go about it the right way and avoid over processing, you’re fine. However, please note that there are certain hair treatments that list hair fall as a possible side effect, so it is always a good idea to do your research before you opt for extreme treatment.
The stages of hair growth
In order to understand hair loss and other matters raised in this article, it is helpful to understand the Hair Growth Cycle.
In the skin, every hair sits inside a hair follicle, a little cavity that goes down through the dermis layer and has connected sebaceous glands (which lubricate the hair by secreting an oily substance called sebum) an arrector pili (a small bundle of muscles that can make the hair stand on end).
Each hair has its own life-cycle.
Life Cycle of a hair
Hair follicles grow in repeated cycles, and one cycle can be broken down into three phases.
Phase 1 is the growth phase (Anagen).
It is estimated that 85 percent of the hair on our head is in the growing phase at any given time and this phase can last 2 to 6 years.
Hair can grow at the rate of approximately 5 inches per year and any individual hair is unlikely to grow more than one yard long.
Phase 2 is the transitional phase (Catagen).
When the Anagen growth phase (phase 1) comes to an end, hair enters a Catagen phase which lasts about one or two weeks, and during this transitional phase, the hair follicle shrinks to about 1/6th of the normal diameter.
The "root" is diminished and the dermal papilla breaks away and rests below the scalp.
Phase 3 is the resting phase (Telogen).
After phase 2 (catagen phase), hair goes into a resting phase known as telogen which can last five to six weeks. Although the hair does not grow during this stage, the dermal papilla stays in the resting phase below the scalp.
Approximately 15 percent of all hairs on your head are in this resting phase at any given moment.
At the end of this stage, the hair follicle re-enters the growth phase. The dermal papilla and the base of the follicle join again and a new hair begins to form.
In some cases, the new hair will push the old hair out of the way and the hair growth cycle starts all over again.
Each hair can be in a different stage of this cycle compared to the adjacent hairs. There is no set pattern to this.
So, now that you understand the phases of hair growth, it is time to talk about the types of hair loss.
TYPES OF HAIR LOSS
What is the cause of telogen effluvium?
In a normal healthy person's scalp about 85% of the hair follicles are actively growing hair (anagen hair) and 15% are resting hair (telogen hair).
According to DermNet NZ, it is normal to lose up to about 100 hairs a day on one's comb, brush, in the basin or on the pillow, as a result of the normal scalp hair cycle.
When our body faces shock to the system, as many as 70% of the anagen hairs can be pushed into telogen, thus reversing the usual ratio.
Typical events include illness like fever, surgical operation, accident, childbirth, nervous shock, weight loss or unusual diet, certain medications, discontinuing the contraceptive pill, overseas travel resulting in jetlag, and excessive sun exposure.
According to Dermnet NZ; “The resting scalp hairs, now in the form of club hairs, remain firmly attached to the hair follicles at first. It is only about 2 months after the shock that the new hairs coming up through the scalp push out the "dead" club hairs and increased hair fall is noticed.”
Remedies for telogen effluvium.
Telogen effluvium is mainly self-correcting, so treatment may not be required.
However, it is suggested:
- Gentle handling of hair (no vigorous brushing or combing)
- Check with a doctor because you may require iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid as any deficiency in these can slow down the hair growth.
- Consider SebaCal, a clinically proven formulation. SebaCal contains a proprietary blend of New Zealand bio-marine proteins and hair activating complex that helps to stimulate the growth and production of new, stronger hair.
Anagen effluvium occurs after an insult to the hair follicle that impairs its metabolic activity and it is usually due to chemotherapy drugs.
The good news is Anagen Effluvium is reversible, with hair regrowth generally occurring after 3-6 months Upon the completion of drug therapy, the follicle resumes its normal activity within a few weeks.
Lichen planopilaris is a rare inflammatory condition that results in patchy progressive permanent hair loss mainly on the scalp.
The internet is full of hair remedies. We cannot confirm if they do work. However, we are going to introduce you to a revolutionary product called SebaCal™- Hair Regrowth Essentials and explain in detail of research, studies and understanding of key ingredients used in SebaCal™.
SebaCal™ helps promote and maintain normal hair regrowth.
There are some of the key ingredients used in SebaCal™ that are essential for hair.
KEY INGREDIENTS OF SEBACAL™- HAIR GROWTH FORMULATION
Whilst this article does not claim that the hair growth product SebaCal™ will work for everyone, however, we do want to highlight the key ingredients used in products.
According to a publication in Science Direct, diet can be relevant to the condition of a patient's hair. Dermatologists or medical practitioners are requested “ask about nonanimal sources of protein. Hair fibers are composed primarily of keratin protein (98%).” 
SebaCal™ contains marine protein complex. All forms of protein, whether animal or vegetable sourced, can help you have a healthy, balanced diet that will encourage healthy hair development.
It is important to note that there should be enough protein in your diet. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, if you lack protein in your diet, your body will begin rationing the protein it does have available, potentially reducing hair growth.
According to an article published in Healthline , the DRI (Dietary Reference Intake) is 0.8 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight or 0.36 grams per pound.
This amounts to 56 grams per day for the average sedentary man and 46 grams per day for the average sedentary woman.
Though this tiny amount may be sufficient to prevent absolute deficiency, studies show that it’s far from adequate to ensure optimum health and body composition. It’s best to seek professional advice because your lifestyle may determine your protein intake.
SebaCal™ contains a proprietary blend of Greenshell Mussels
Photo source: http://www.nurturedseafood.com
Here are some interesting attributes of Greenshell Mussels according to New Zealand Nurtured Seafood .
(2) High in protein, low in fat yet providing 680mg of omega-3 from EPA and DHA in one serving.
(3) They are also a rich source of selenium, iron, Vitamin B12 and iodine, and a good source of magnesium and calcium.
(4) Five New Zealand Greenshell™ Mussels provide almost 100% of your daily iodine and selenium needs, 1/3 of daily protein needs and almost three times your daily Vitamin B12 needs.
SebaCal™ also contains L-Methionine. L-Methionine is an essential amino acid which cannot be synthesized in the body and so must be obtained from the diet or supplements.
L-Methionine confers a few benefits and it is thought to encourage hair growth and prevent hair loss. 
Loss of methionine has been linked to senile greying of hair and the lack of it could lead to a build-up of hydrogen peroxide in hair follicles, a reduction in tyrosinase effectiveness, and a gradual loss of hair colour .
Some of the sources of food that contain Methionine are eggs, cheese, sesame seeds, brazil nuts, soy protein concentrate, chicken, fish, wheat germ, oat and peanuts.
Dr. Axe has more information on L-Methionine that:
- Explains L-Methionine
- Benefits and foods that provide L-Methionine- there are many benefits!
- Average daily needs per age group
Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA)
Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) is a chemical found in the folic acid vitamin and in several foods including grains, eggs, milk, and meat. PABA is used to darken grey hair and prevent hair loss. 
Biotin is also known as vitamin H and is one of the B complex vitamins that help the body convert food into energy.
Biotin helps keep your skin, hair, eyes, liver, and nervous system healthy.
Biotin is found in various foods, including liver, cauliflower, salmon, carrots, bananas, soy flour, cereals, and yeast.
Biotin content of food is reduced by cooking and preserving.
Normal daily recommended intakes for biotin varies between the age groups.
Biotin and hair growth
Keratin is a basic protein that makes up your hair, skin, and nails. It is clear that biotin improves your body’s keratin infrastructure.
However, researchers aren’t sure what biotin’s role in hair or skin care is.
There is limited research on the effects of biotin on hair growth. To date, limited evidence suggests that increased biotin intake may help promote hair growth.
In a 2015 clinical study (randomised, double-blinded, placebo controlled study) women with thinning hair were given an oral marine protein supplement (MPS) containing biotin or a placebo pill twice per day for 90 days.
At the beginning and end of the study, digital images were taken of the affected areas on the scalp. Each participant’s hair was also washed and any shed hairs were counted.
The researcher found that women who took marine protein supplement experienced a significant amount of hair growth in the areas affected by hair loss. They also had less shedding.
In another 2012 study by the same researcher produced similar results. Participants perceived an improvement in hair growth and quality after 90 and 180 days.
According to the National Institution of Health, Vitamin B12 is a nutrient that helps keep the body’s nerve and blood cells healthy and helps make DNA, the genetic material in all cells.
Also, according to a New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey, 8% of the population may be vitamin B12 deficient and this survey also revealed inadequate vitamin B12 levels are more common among females than males. 
The connection between Vitamin B12 and Hair growth
Our hair follicles, located just under the surface of your skin, are alive. The bulb, which is the bottom part of the follicle, is made up of the fastest growing cells in the human body, dividing every 23 to 72 hours. 
“At the base of the bulb is the papilla, which contains blood vessels. Its main job is to connect your follicles to your body’s blood supply to deliver the oxygen and nutrients necessary for hair growth."
"Since B12 helps produce red blood cells, having enough of this vitamin is essential to the hair growth process.” 
Check out the Fact sheet on Vitamin B12.
Nicotinic Acid (also known as Niacin) is Vitamin B3
Nicotinic acid (Niacin) is just another name for vitamin B3 (water soluble), which is 1 of 8 B vitamins needed by the body to break down fats and proteins and to convert carbohydrates into energy.
That’s why a symptom of Niacin deficiency is fatigue. Niacin is found in foods such as beef, eggs, tuna, nuts and mushrooms.
There are two other forms of niacin, nicotinamide (or niacinamide) and inositol hexanicotinate, which serve as sources of vitamin B3.
Nicotinic acid (Niacin) plays a big role in healthy hair growth.
Niacin also helps to maintain the structure of the blood cells and improves blood circulation. That’s why Niacin brings more blood flow to the scalp, bringing more oxygen and nutrients to the hair follicles. That’s why experts tout the benefits of niacin for hair growth.
As we all know that a healthy scalp is crucial for healthy hair growth. But niacin alone won’t get you there. Be sure you eat a complete healthy hair diet with Biotin (Vitamin B7), Iron, Zinc, Vitamin C and marine complex. SebaCal Hair Regrowth product contains all these ingredients.
Bamboo Extract (70% silica)
Bamboo is the fastest growing plant!
According to http://www.guinnessworldrecords.com, the world record for the fastest growing plant belongs to certain species of the 45 genera of bamboo, which have been found to grow at up to 91 cm (35 in) per day or at a rate of 0.00003 km/h (0.00002 mph).
This quality of bamboos has everything to do with their main compound, silica, a naturally occurring composite chemical.
Bamboo has been principal food for many species of mammals, for example, the Indian elephant and the Giant Panda of China, which exists almost exclusively on bamboo. The skeletal system of the panda is incredibly strong, yet very flexible, and these unique properties are thought to be related in some part to the high silica content of bamboo.
Bamboo extract is the richest known source of natural silica, containing over 70%.
According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, Silicon (Si) is the second most abundant element on earth after oxygen and a sister element of carbon.
Silicon's role as an essential nutrient was not established until 1972, but it is now known to play a part in the integrity of the skin, ligaments, tendons and bone.
Besides many other functions of silicon, has shown to improve the condition of the hair, nails, teeth, gums and skin.
For every gram, the hair contains 90 micrograms of silica.
Hair at 90 micrograms per gram is almost as rich in silica as are healthy bones, which contain 100 micrograms per gram.
There is no doubt that silica is a crucial component when it comes to the health of the hair, and there are various studies that found links between silica and health of the hair.
Not just that, but the efficiency of silica-based products is well-documented and supported by various studies, including a double-blind, placebo-controlled study that showed bamboo extract’s positive effects against hair loss.
Whilst the placebo group’s average hair density remained the same throughout the study the other group of subjects who received silica supplements showed tremendous improvements.
There were no reported adverse events during the study, which concluded that oral supplements containing bamboo extract (silica) can be an effective method for significant hair growth.
SebaCal™ contains 80mg of bamboo extract (silica)
Silica-based products like SebaCal™ may help your hair by:
- Improving the blood flow to the scalp
- Making your hair stronger
- Increasing the volume of the hai
- Improving the density of the hair
- Eliminating the damaged skin cells on the scalp
- Adding shine to the hair
A balanced diet is enough to get the required amount of the silica into our body.
Good food sources of silica are:
• Whole grain bread and pasta
• Brown rice
• Cereal crops (millets)
• Green beans
Grape Seed Extract
To some extent, what is good for the skin is also of benefit for our hair. You will notice this theme in this article.
We know that antioxidants are beneficial chemicals that prevent oxidation, one of the main causes for the release of damage-causing free radicals.
Free radicals are toxic by-products of oxygen metabolism that promote significant damage to living cells and tissues in a process called "oxidative stress." This cell damage can result in premature aging.
Although free radicals are a normal by-product of oxygen metabolism, certain environmental and behavioural risks can dramatically increase the number of free radicals in the body, which in turn dramatically increases the oxidative stress on the body.
This can disrupt cell membranes, increase the risk of many forms of cancer and damage the interior lining of your blood vessels, leading to a higher risk of heart disease and stroke.
We need to supply our body with vitamins and minerals (antioxidants) for it to counteract oxidative stress.
Among the most robust antioxidants is Vitamin E, which is present in various types of fruits and vegetables, particularly grapes.
“Grape seed extract contains a good concentration of Vitamin E, which has an array of positive effects. It helps make the skin more radiant and younger-looking, while keeping the hair lustrous and the scalp healthy.” 
There is a lot more to hair that we realise. We hope that the article has given you some insight into the causes of hair loss, types of hair loss, psychological impact of hair loss for some people, especially women and much more.
SebaCal Offer to You
SebaCal™ is a great product. We suggest that you use the product for at least 90 days and if you are not satisfied, then we will refund the cost of the product excluding the delivery cost.
 Hair growth and disorders. Blume-Peytavi, Ulrike. Berlin: Springer. 2008.
 Wood JM, Decker H, Hartmann H, Chavan B, Rokos H, Spencer JD, et al. (July 2009). "Senile hair graying: H2O2-mediated oxidative stress affects human hair color by blunting methionine sulfoxide repair". FASEB Journal. 23 (7): 2065–75.
The views expressed in this article intend to highlight studies and induce conversation. They are for informational purposes only, even if and to the extent that this article features the advice of physicians and medical practitioners. This article is not, nor is it intended to be, a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment, and should never be relied upon for specific medical advice.